Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals:

Vitamin D




Vitamins and Minerals Supplements with Domina Pharmaceuticals:

  Sterovit (Oral drops)

  Ergocalciferol 0.5mg/ml (one drop contains 400 IU)

  Fer-Drops (Oral drops)

  Elemental iron 25mg/ml (as ferrous sulfate)

  Calcitrat-D (Chewable Tablets)

  Calcium citrate 1190mg (equivalent to 250mg calcium)
  Vitamin D3 125 IU

  Multi-Mineral (Chewable Tablets)

  Calcium Citrate 1000mg (equivalent to 210mg elemental calcium)
  Magnesium Hydroxide 240mg (equivalent to 100mg elemental magnesium)
  Zinc Sulphate 17.6mg (equivalent to 4mg elemental zinc) 
  Vitamin D3 200 IU


1- Vitamin D

What is vitamin D? 
There are two basic types of vitamin D. Ergosterol (vitamin D in plants), and cholesterol (vitamin D in humans). When ultraviolet light hits the cells of our skin, one form of cholesterol found in our skin cells can be converted into cholecalciferol, a form of vitamin D3.

What can high-vitamin D supplements do for you?

  • Help prevent a growing list of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, breast cancer, colon cancer, and ovarian cancer
  • Help keep your bones and teeth strong and healthy
  • Regulate the growth and activity of your cells
  • Reduce inflammation

What events can indicate a need for more supplements rich in vitamin D?

  • Bone pain and/or soft bones
  • Frequent bone fractures
  • Bone deformities or growth retardation in children
  • Lack of exposure to sunlight for any reason.

What factors might contribute to a deficiency of vitamin D?

  • Insufficient sun exposure
  • Breast feeding, if the mother is vitamin D deficient
  • Obesity
  • Insufficient dietary fat or inability to absorb dietary fat
  • Diseases that affect the parathyroid gland, liver and/or kidney impair the synthesis of the active form of vitamin D.
  • Aging
  • Genetic susceptibility

Vitamin D may play a role in the prevention and/or treatment of the following health conditions: 
Atherosclerosis, breast cancer, colon cancer, ovarian cancer, depression, epilepsy, hypertension, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney disease, liver disease, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, periodontal disease, preeclampsia, psoriasis, tinnitus, ulcerative colitis.

What foods provide vitamin D? 
Excellent sources: salmon.
Very good sources: shrimp and vitamin-D fortified milk. 
Good food sources: cod and eggs.

Adequate intake levels for vitamin D (per day). The recommendations are as follows:

  • Infants and children: 5 micrograms (200 IU)
  • Teenagers: 5 micrograms (200 IU)
  • Adults up to 70 years of age: 5 micrograms (200 IU)
  • Elderly above 70 years: 15 micrograms (600 IU)
  • Pregnant and lactating wom


2- Calcium

What is calcium?
One of the most abundant minerals in the human body, calcium accounts for approximately 1.5% of total body weight. Bones and teeth house 99% of the calcium in the body, while the remaining 1% is distributed in other areas.

What can high-calcium supplements do for you?

  • Maintain healthy, strong bones
  • Support proper functioning of nerves and muscles
  • Help your blood clot

What events can indicate a need for more high-calcium supplements?

  • Frequent bone fractures
  • Muscle pain or spasms
  • Tingling or numbness in your hands and feet
  • Bone deformities and growth retardation in children

What factors might contribute to a deficiency of calcium? 
Hypochlorhydria, a condition characterized by insufficient secretion of stomach acid, affects many people and is especially common in the elderly. Lack of stomach acid impairs the absorption of calcium and may lead to poor calcium status. 
Adequate intake of vitamin D is necessary for the absorption and utilization of calcium. As a result, vitamin D deficiency, or impaired conversion of the inactive to the active form of vitamin D (which takes place in the liver and kidneys), may also lead to a poor calcium status.

Calcium may play a role in the prevention and/or treatment of the following health conditions:

  • Cataracts
  • Colon cancer
  • High blood pressure
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Kidney stones
  • Osteoporosis
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Pregnancy induced hypertension and preeclampsia
  • Premenstrual syndrome

What foods provide calcium? 
Excellent sources: spinach, turnip greens, mustard greens and collard greens. 
Very good sources: blackstrap molasses, Swiss chard, yogurt, kale, mozzarella cheese, cow's milk, and goat's milk, basil, thyme, dill seed, cinnamon, and peppermint leaves.
Good sources: romaine lettuce, celery, broccoli, sesame seeds, fennel, cabbage, summer squash, green beans, garlic, tofu, Brussel sprouts, oranges, asparagus, crimini mushrooms, oregano, rosemary, parsley, kombu, and kelp.

Adequate intake levels for calcium (per day). The recommendations are as follows:

  • 0-6 months: 210mg
  • 6-12 months: 270mg
  • 1-3 years: 500mg
  • 4-8 years: 800mg
  • 9-13 years: 1300mg
  • 14-18 years: 1300mg
  • 19-30 years: 1000mg
  • 31-50 years: 1000mg
  • 51+ years: 1200mg
  • Postmenopausal women not taking hormone replacement therapy: 1500mg
  • Pregnant and lactating women (younger than 18 years): 1300mg
  • Pregnant and lactating wom

3- Magnesium

What is magnesium? 
Inside our bodies, magnesium is found mostly in our bones (60- 65%), but also in our muscles (25%), and in other cell types and body fluids. Like all minerals, magnesium cannot be made in our body and must therefore be plentiful in our diet in order for us to remain healthy. 
It has the ability to relax our muscles. Our nerves also depend upon magnesium to avoid becoming overexcited, and this aspect of magnesium links this mineral to maintenance of healthy blood pressure.

What can high-magnesium supplements do for you?

  • Relax your nerves and muscles
  • Build and strengthen bones
  • Keep your blood circulating smoothly

What events can indicate a need for more high-magnesium supplements?

  • Muscle weakness, tremor, or spasm
  • Heart arrhythmia, irregular contraction, or increased heart rate
  • Softening and weakening of bone
  • Imbalanced blood sugar levels
  • Headaches
  • Elevated blood pressure

What factors might contribute to a deficiency of magnesium? 
In addition to poor dietary intake, problems in the digestive tract are the most common cause of magnesium deficiency. These digestive tract problems include malabsorption, diarrhea, and ulcerative colitis. Many kinds of physical stresses can contribute to magnesium deficiency, including cold stress, physical trauma, and surgery. Kidney disease and alcoholism can also contribute to a deficiency of this mineral.

Magnesium may play a role in the prevention and/or treatment of the following health conditions: 
Alcoholism, Angina pectoris, Arrhythmia, Asthma, Autism, Chronic fatigue, Congenital heart disease, Congestive heart failure, Coronary artery disease, Diabetes, Eclampsia, Epilepsy, Glaucoma, Heart attack, HIV/AIDS, Hypertension, Hypertriglyceridemia, Inflammatory bowel disease, Migraine, Multiple sclerosis, Osteoporosis, Peptic ulcers, PMS, Pre-eclampsia, Raynaud's syndrome, Systemic lupus erythematosus

What foods provide magnesium? 
Excellent sources: Swiss chard and spinach. 
Very good sources: mustard greens, summer squash, broccoli, blackstrap molasses, halibut, turnip greens, pumpkin seeds and peppermint. 
Good sources: cucumber, green beans, celery, kale and a variety of seeds, including sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, and flax seeds.

Adequate intake levels for magnesium (per day). The recommendations are as follows:

  • males and females, 1-3 years: 80mg
  • males and females, 4-8 years: 130mg
  • males and females, 9-13 years: 240mg
  • males, 14-18 years: 410mg
  • males, 19-30 years: 400mg
  • males, 31 years and older: 420mg
  • females, 14-18 years: 360mg
  • females, 19-30 years: 310mg
  • females, 31 years and older: 320mg
  • pregnant women, 18 years or younger: 400mg
  • pregnant women, 19-30 years: 350mg
  • pregnant women, 31-50 years: 360mg
  • lactating women, 18 years or younger: 360mg
  • lactating women, 19-30 years: 310mg
  • lactating women, 31-50 years: 320mg

4- Zinc

What is zinc? 
Zinc is a micromineral needed in the diet on a daily basis, but only in very small amounts (50 milligrams or less).

What can high-zinc supplements do for you?

  • Help balance blood sugar
  • Stabilize your metabolic rate
  • Prevent a weakened immune system
  • Support an optimal sense of smell and taste

What events can indicate a need for more high-zinc supplements?

  • Impaired sense of taste or smell
  • Lack of appetite
  • Depression
  • Growth failure in children
  • Frequent colds and infections

What factors might contribute to a deficiency of zinc? 
In addition to dietary deficiency, problems in the digestive tract can contribute to zinc deficiency. These problems include irritable and inflammatory bowel disorders, as well as insufficient output by the pancreas that prevents proper digestion of food. 
Loss of zinc through chronic diarrhea or profuse sweating (as might occur with heavy physical labor or athletic training) can also contribute to deficiency of this mineral.

Zinc may play a role in the prevention and/or treatment of the following health conditions: 
Acne, alcoholism, alopecia, alzheimer's disease, anorexia nervosa, atopic dermatitis, benign prostatic hypertrophy, cervical dysplasia, common cold, crohn's disease, diabetes, epilepsy, graves' disease, herpes simplex, HIV/AIDS, infertility (male), inflammatory bowel diseases, influenza, macular degeneration, osteoarthritis, PMS, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, seborrheic dermatitis, senile cataracts.

What foods provide zinc? 
Very good sources: Calf's liver, crimini mushrooms and spinach. 
Good sources: sea vegetables, basil, thyme, spinach, pumpkin seeds, yeast, beef, and lamb, beef, lamb, summer squash, asparagus, venison, chard, collard greens, miso, shrimp, maple syrup, broccoli, peas, yogurt, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds and mustard greens.

Adequate intake levels for zinc (per day). The recommendations are as follows:

  • Males and females, 0-6 months: 2mg
  • Males and females, 6 months-3years: 3mg
  • Males and females, 4-8 years: 5mg
  • Males and females, 9-13 years: 8mg
  • Males 14 years and older: 11mg
  • Females 14-18 years: 9mg
  • Females 19 years and older: 8mg
  • Pregnant females 18 years or younger: 12mg
  • Pregnant females 19 years and older: 11mg
  • Lactating females 18 years or younger: 13mg






Domina Pharmaceuticals
P.O. Box : 9622
Damascus - Syria


Phone: +963 (11) 33 192 32
Phone: +963 (11) 33 201 04
Mobile: +963 (932) 993 304 159
Mobile: +963 (932) 993 366 254